Links between threats and controls

  • Threats
  • Controls

All threats and their linked ISO/IEC 27002:2022 controls.


1. Lack of direction on information security from management.
2. Line managers do not take their responsibility for information security.
3. Insufficient attention to security within projects.
4. Employees do not act according to what is expected of them.

Continuity and reliability of systems

5. Insufficient attention to security during software development.
6. Access to information is blocked.
7. Network services are overloaded.
8. Attacks via systems that are not under their own control.
9. Failure of systems due to hardware errors.
10. Failure of systems due to configuration errors.
11. Failure of systems due to software errors.
12. Errors due to changes in other systems.

Human behaviour

13. User errors.
14. Systems are not used for their intended purpose.
15. Taking away company assets.
16. Policy is not followed by lack of sanctions.
17. Allowing external parties into the building or onto the network.
18. Loss of mobile devices and storage media.
19. Abuse of someone else's identity.
20. Abuse of special rights.
21. Access rights set incorrectly.

Access to information

22. Bad password usage.
23. Leaving workplaces unattended.
24. Uncertainty about classification and powers.
25. Information on systems upon repair or disposal.
26. Exploitation of vulnerabilities in applications or hardware.
27. Exploiting network security vulnerabilities.
28. Insufficient attention to security when outsourcing work.
29. Information outside the protected environment.
30. Eavesdropping equipment.

Exchanging and storing information

31. Sending sensitive information insecurely.
32. Sending sensitive information to incorrect person.
33. Loss of information due to expiration of the shelf life of the storage method.
34. Incorrect information.
35. Misuse of cryptographic keys and/or use of weak algorithms.

Laws and regulations

36. Legislation on information in the cloud.
37. Foreign law when visiting a country.
38. Legislation on the use of cryptography.

Incident handling

39. Incidents are not dealt with in a timely manner.
40. Information for dealing with incidents is lacking.
41. Recurrence of incidents.

Physical security

42. Unauthorized physical access.
43. Fire.
44. Explosion.
45. Flooding.
46. Pollution of the environment.
47. Failure of facility resources (gas, water, electricity, air conditioning).
48. Vandalism.

Business continuity

49. Unavailability of third-party services.
50. Software is no longer supported by the publisher.
51. Losing important knowledge when employees are unavailable.

All ISO/IEC 27002:2022 controls and their linked threats.

Organizational controls

5.1 Policies for information security
5.2 Information security roles and responsibilities
5.3 Segregation of duties
5.4 Management responsibilities
5.5 Contact with authorities
5.6 Contact with special interest groups
5.7 Threat intelligence
5.8 Information security in project management
5.9 Inventory of information and other associated assets
5.10 Acceptable use of information and other associated assets
5.11 Return of assets
5.12 Classification of information
5.13 Labelling of information
5.14 Information transfer
5.15 Access control
5.16 Identity management
5.17 Authentication information
5.18 Access rights
5.19 Information security in supplier relationships
5.20 Addressing information security within supplier agreements
5.21 Managing information security in the ICT supply chain
5.22 Monitoring, review and change management of supplier services
5.23 Information security for use of cloud services
5.24 Information security incident management planning and preparation
5.25 Assessment and decision on information security events
5.26 Response to information security incidents
5.27 Learning from information security incidents
5.28 Collection of evidence
5.29 Information security during disruption
5.30 ICT readiness for business continuity
5.31 Legal, statutory, regulatory and contractual requirements
5.32 Intellectual property rights
5.33 Protection of records
5.34 Privacy and protection of PII
5.35 Independent review of information security
5.36 Conformance with policies, rules and standards for information security
5.37 Documented operating procedures

People controls

6.1 Screening
6.2 Terms and conditions of employment
6.3 Information security awareness, education and training
6.4 Disciplinary process
6.5 Responsibilities after termination or change of employment
6.6 Confidentiality or non-disclosure agreements
6.7 Remote working
6.8 Information security event reporting

Physical controls

7.1 Physical security perimeters
7.2 Physical entry
7.3 Securing offices, rooms and facilities
7.4 Physical security monitoring
7.5 Protecting against physical and environmental threats
7.6 Working in secure areas
7.7 Clear desk and clear screen
7.8 Equipment siting and protection
7.9 Security of assets off-premises
7.10 Storage media
7.11 Supporting utilities
7.12 Cabling security
7.13 Equipment maintenance
7.14 Secure disposal or re-use of equipment

Technological controls

8.1 User endpoint devices
8.2 Privileged access rights
8.3 Information access restriction
8.4 Access to source code
8.5 Secure authentication
8.6 Capacity management
8.7 Protection against malware
8.8 Management of technical vulnerabilities
8.9 Configuration management
8.10 Information deletion
8.11 Data masking
8.12 Data leakage prevention
8.13 Information backup
8.14 Redundancy of information processing facilities
8.15 Logging
8.16 Monitoring activities
8.17 Clock synchronization
8.18 Use of privileged utility program
8.19 Installation of software on operational systems
8.20 Networks security
8.21 Security of network services
8.22 Segregation of networks
8.23 Web filtering
8.24 Use of cryptography
8.25 Secure development life cycle
8.26 Application security requirements
8.27 Secure system architecture and engineering principles
8.28 Secure coding
8.29 Security testing in development and acceptance
8.30 Outsourced development
8.31 Separation of development, test and production environments
8.32 Change management
8.33 Test information
8.34 Protection of information systems during audit testing